What Are Biological Hazards?
Biological hazards are organisms or are parts that come from organisms that are harmful to the health of people. There are four different levels of biological hazards. The reaction the body has to each level is different and can range from stomach aches to death and everything in between.
Level One biological hazards are usually bacteria or other types of microorganisms that are relatively harmless to a human. They best way to protect your self from this level of hazards os to wear protective gloves and a face mask at all time while working near them. The best way to dispose of them is in a normal trash reciprocal. You can help prevent the spread of these germs buy washing your hands frequently during the day. The most common level one biological hazards are hepatitis,chicken pox and E.coli.
Level Two biological hazards are usually bacteria or viruses that cause mild symptoms in most people that become infected. A little more care is put into making sure you do not become infected with one of these viruses. Frequent had washing is suggested along with the proper protective gear such as a face mask that cover both the eyes and the mouth. Level Two biological hazards are well known and include salmonella,measles,Lyme disease,influenza(the common cold) and HIV.
Level Three biological hazards can have severe or even fatal symptoms in humans but can usually be treated by vaccines or other treatments that know exist. The precautions taken to avoid contracting a level Three virus are much more serious than the precautions used for the first two. There is usually special equipment and protective gear that is used to prevent the spread of any hazards germs. A few level Three hazards are anthrax,malaria,tuberculosis,and typhus. If they are not contained properly an outbreak could occur and potentially harm thousands of people before they can all be vaccinated against the virus.
Level Four is by far the worst types of biological hazards. They can cause severe illness or death in humans and have no known vaccinations or treatments. Most of the time people working around these types of viruses are required to wear full hazardous material body suits to protect them from the virus they are trying to fight. It is also necessary to wear oxygen mask to avoid breathing in the harmful hazards. the most deadly of these biological hazards are Ebola,bird flu,Bolivian,and Dengue fever
It is extremely important to the health of everyone that all people who are working with or around anything that can be considered a biological hazard always practices safety. There is no room for mistakes when you could be putting the health of thousands of people at risk.